An Internet protocol camera, or information science camera, may be a kind of digital video camera normally utilized for police work, and which, in contrast to analog circuit TV (CCTV) cameras, will send and receive information via a network and also the web. though most cameras that try this are webcams, the term "IP camera" or "netcam" is sometimes applied solely to those used for police work. the primary centralized information science camera was Axis Neteye two hundred, free in 1996 by Axis Communications.
There are 2 varieties of information science cameras:
Centralized information science cameras, that need a central network video recorder (NVR) to handle the recording, video and alarm management.
Decentralized information science cameras, that don't need a central NVR, because the cameras have recording operate inbuilt and may therefore record on to any normal storage media, admire American state cards, NAS (network-attached storage) or a PC/server.